EM17 - PERIPHERAL DRIVE SCRAPER BRIDGE FOR CIRCULAR TANK
|Application||Clarifying of primary and secondary waste water|
|Tipi di macchine||Simple peripheral drive
R+1/3 peripheral drive
Double peripheral drive
|Characteristics||The equipment consists of a diffusion drum and rotating bridge which draws the scrapers.|
|Operation||The water to be treated flows into the diffusion drum where the kinetic energy is slowed down, the sedimentable solids settle on the tank bottom and are conveyed towards to central drain well by the bottom scrapers.|
|Materials||Hot dip galvanized carbon steel or Stainless steel|
|Installation||In a concrete tank|
|Tank diametre||From 8 to 60 m.|
|Optionals||Scum removal system|
PRINCIPLES OF SIZING
Hydraulic sizing (process)
The sizing of the diffusion drum is based on the following parametres:
• influent flow rate
• piping diametre
The water coming out of the diffusion drum to the sedimentation zone must have a very low kinetic energy in order to guarantee a good separation and settling of the solids.
Moreover, the bottom scrapers must have a continuous and logarythmic profile in order to successfully convey the sludge into the central well in less than a complete rotation of the shaft, 270° (¾).
The sizing of the bottom scraper is based on the type of sludge to be evacuated from the tank bottom.
The central column, the trolleys and the scrapers are designed to bear a stress of 20 Kg. per linear metre.
The torque to transmit is calculated by:
T [kgm] = r² x K
r is the tank radius
K is the load on the scrapers per linear metre (20 kg for biological clarifiers) The trolleys drive unit shall be capable of transmitting a 1.8 higher torque than the design value.
Torque limiting device (dynamometric cell)
The dynamometric cell measures the torque transmited by the drive unit.
This value is evident directly on the instrument and allows to evaluate the stresses on the gearbox during rotation.
The device is equipped with limit switches set at two different torque values, one for alarm and one for the machine shutdown.
Selection of the electric motor
The electric motor size is selected so that, in case of shutdown, its static torque is lower than the one which can be borne by each downstream unit.
For this reason the electric motor is usually very small.
Exuberant motors may cause, in case of shutdown, serious damages to the structures if the torque limiting device fails to intervene or if it is not properly connected.
Example of calculation:
Tank diametre 20 m.
K = 20
Scrapers peripheral speed 1,5 m/min
Slow shaft rpm 0,047
Torque r² x K = 10² x 20 = 2000 kgm
(in case of radial scrapers, the torque is halved) so the drive unit shall be designed to transmit a 1.8 higher torque
To transmit a torque of 1000 kgm, the thrust of each trolley must be 1000 : 5 = 200 kg. If the wheel diameter is 300 mm., then the torque on the shaft is 200 x 0.15 (wheel radius) = 30 kgm. Therefore, at a speed of about 1.5 rpm, 62 watt are necessary.
If we hypothize a drive unit output of 60%, the electric motor shall have a power of 113 watt.
Normally it is difficult to find electric motors which are smaller than 0,18 kw - 180 watt.
If the selected motor has got a power of 180 watt, in case of shutdown it might give a 2.6 times higher power for a few seconds, i.e. 468 watt. The torque transmitted by the motor to the wheel slow shaft, with a drive unit (on the trolleys) output of 60%, would be equal to 48 kgm., the thrust of the trolley would be 320 kg. and the torque 3200 kgm. for each trolley (total 3200 kgm.)
Therefore the central column must be designed to bear a torsion stress (in case of shutdown) of 3200 kgm.